Sugars or carbohydrates (carbohydrates) is a general term for a compound consisting of carbon.
Hydrogen and oxygen atoms consisting Sectional monosaccharides (monosaccharides), disaccharides (disaccharides) and polysaccharides (polysaccharides).
The simplest carbohydrate structures are monosaccharides such as glucose, fructose and galactose. Glucose is the body's cells can be used directly to provide energy, can also glycogen (glycogen) stored in the form of muscle and liver, or is converted into fat stores energy. the body can easily fructose and galactose into glucose to provide energy.
Disaccharides composed of two monosaccharide composition, of which sucrose, maltose and lactose. Polysaccharides is a combination of three or more monosaccharides from which the most common are starch, cellulose and glycogen.
A starch molecule can be hundreds or even thousands of individual sugar molecules. The main sources of starch include corn, beans, grains and potatoes. Cellulose is another plant other than starch polysaccharides, it It is the main structural component of the plant, although difficult to digest cellulose body, nor how much nutritional value, but it helps the daily operation of the stomach and shorten the food residue through time digestive tract and blood cholesterol lowering effect.
When glycogen is also known as animal starch, is a large molecular structure of glycogen reserves in the food is not high, but when excess glucose into liver or muscle, it will be converted into glycogen and stored . human liver and intramuscular about 375-475 grams of glycogen stores when needed glucose to provide energy, these glycogen stores will once again be converted into glucose, blood was taken with the working of the muscles in order to supply the required energy.
The main role of carbohydrates, the human body is one hundred billion cells to provide energy. Food carbohydrates, whether sugars or starches variety, must first be broken down into glucose, the blood can be transported into cells to provide energy. If these glucose failed to meet the energy needs of the liver and muscle glycogen stores will be used to provide passive energy. Conversely, excess sugar in the form of glycogen is stored up, but when the liver and muscles store full glycogen remaining after sugar will be converted into fat, stored in fat cells under the skin being ingest sufficient carbohydrate to protein can also be avoided as the body for energy purposes.